Tourette Syndrome is a disorder of the nervous system that causes people to have motor and vocal tics. Tics are sudden and repetitive twitches, movements, or sounds. Tics are involuntary but briefly suppressible motor movements or vocalizations.
Tourette Syndrome begins in childhood, usually when children are between 5-10 years old. Boys are more likely to be affected than girls and it often co-occurs with other related conditions. The two most common conditions are ADHD (50% to 70%) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (30% to 50%). Other common conditions are autism spectrum disorder, learning disabilities and anxiety disorders.
Tics wax and wane: they can increase in severity and frequency during times of stress or illness or can change in their appearance or sound.
A child with Tourette Syndrome might:
Two types of tics are associated with Tourette Syndrome:
Tics can be simple or complex:
Tourette Syndrome is a neurological condition, not a psychological one. However, Tourette’s can cause psychological distress in children and this distress can make the tics more severe. People with Tourette Syndrome have higher rates of depression and anxiety.
Tourette Syndrome can impact children’s school performance, relationships and health. If you or your child’s doctor have concerns for Tourette Syndrome, seeking help early is essential. At Inspire Pediatric Neurology we offer a comprehensive neurological consultation for assessing and diagnosing Tourette Syndrome. Our expert pediatric neurologist, Dr. Sidhu, will look at your child’s individual symptoms and consider other related conditions to form a personalized treatment plan for your child.